Veikko Huuska

Mikä yhtiö Trafigura on?

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Trafigura

Hollantilaisperusteinen mutta monikansallinen monitoimiyhtymä Trafigura on muutaman päivän aikana tullut tutuksi suomalaisille.  Trafiguran erimuotoisista yhteyksistä veroparatiiseihin on puhuttu paljon. Vähemmän on julkisuudessa ollut konglemeraatti Trafiguran rooli korruption, ympäristövaurioiden ja oikeusjuttujen parissa. 

Kummalla tavalla ne näyttävät kytkeytyvän liaanimaisesti toisiinsa, veroparatiisit, korruptio, ympäristöongelmat ja oikeusjutut.

Siksi tämä pikakatsaus.

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 Mikä Trafigura? Tällaisesta yhtiöstä tulee Terrafamen uusi omistaja

Katso MTV3:n esittely; http://www.mtv.fi/uutiset/kotimaa/artikkeli/mika-trafigura-tallaisesta-yhtiosta-tulee-terrafamen-uusi-omistaja/6306366

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GOOGLE-haku hakutekijöillä ”Trafigura” AND ”corruption” antaa 133.000 vastetta.

Trafiguran kotisivuillahakutekijä ”Corruption” antaa 34 vastetta.  http://www.trafigura.com/search?q=Corruption

Kotisivut; http://www.trafigura.com/about-us/

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Trafiguran liiketoiminta-ajatuksia:

Yhtiömme liiketoimintamalli perustuu siihen että pystymme tuottamaan …johdonmukaisesti, turvallisesti ja vastuullisesti. Jos me toimittaisimme tuotteita jotka eivät täytä laatuvaatimuksia voisimme kärsiä taloudellisia seuraamuksia tai menettäisimme asiakkaitamme.
Maineeseen ja yhteiskunnalliseen statukseen syntyvät kolhut voivat olla vieläkin merkittävämpiä. Trafigura on strateginen energian tarjoaja useilla markkinoilla. Jos emme pysty tuottamaan, talouden toiminta keskeytyisi ja kaupungit saattavat jäädä kylmilleen, ilman lämpöä ja tehoa.
(transl. VH]

http://www.trafigura.com/how-trafigura-delivers-oil-products-responsibly

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‘Is my Cousin a Mass Murderer?’

The Case of the Oil-Trading Company Trafigura and Relatives’ Perceptions of a ‘Crime of the Powerful’

http://www.britsoccrim.org/volume10/2010_Goode.pdf

"Trafigura is not only extremely powerful and wealthy, it is also very secretive. It is part of what Business Week terms, ‘the ultrasecretive informal network of traders who dominate global independent oil trading’: these traders ‘operate in the world of onetime fugitive billionaire Marc Rich, the most-wanted white-collar criminal in U.S. history until his controversial pardon on President Bill Clinton's last day in office in 2001.’ (Vickers, 2005: online).

Trafigura and other independent oil traders are known for their tactics which have been described as ‘combat trading’ and which can be seen as the psychopathic face of capitalism - getting trading rights from countries in turmoil regardless of human ruin." - Raportin sivu 3 (nr38). 

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Anti Corruption Digest,

11.11.2016; Trafigura Says Not Party to Storage Contracts in Petrobras Probe by Anti-Corruption Digest

Brasilian Yleisen syyttäjän syytekirjelmän "Konkreettiset syytteet" Trafigura-yhtiön johtokunnan jäsen Mariano Marcondes Ferraz´ia vastaan "koskevat Petrobasin ja Tarra do Brasil Porto del Suape –konsernien kanssa tehtyjä osakkeita koskevia sopimuksia.  Syytekirjelmä on lähetetty asianosaisille…

Read more: http://anticorruptiondigest.com/news-topics/trafigura/#axzz4YqQgHI24

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“Trafiguran tutkimus on aiheeton… “

BY TANESHA MUNDLE Observer staff reporter mundlet@jamaicaobserver.com Wednesday, January 18, 2017

http://securejam.mediaspanonline.com/news/Trafigura-an-exercise-in-futility--says-Knight_86860

Jamaikalainen People´s  National Partyn (PNP) (sikäläinen Ihmisten kansallinen puolueen, VH] asianajajat ilmoittivat eilen (17.1.2017), että Trafigura kysymys on "kuollut" asia ja pitäisi haudata, koska oppositiojohtaja Portia Simpson Miller ja neljä muuta puolueen jäsentä eivät voi pakottaa heidän puoluettaan alistumaan kyseenalaiseen julkiseen istuntoon.
Hollantilainen virkamiehet haluavat kyseenalaistaa (ja asettaa syytteeseen, VH] Simpson Miller, PNP puheenjohtaja Robert Pickersgill, entinen hallituksen ministerit Phillip Paulwell ja Colin Campbell, sekä liikemies Norton Hinds suhteestaan siihen $ 31 miljoonan lahjoitukseen, jonka PNP vastaanotti vuonna 2006 hollantilaiselta yritykseltä,  Trafigura Baheer.  …

Lakimiehet KD Knight ja Patrick Atkinson molemmat väittivät eilen hovioikeudessa, - jossa puolue haluaa kumota vuonna 2011 korkeimman oikeuden tuomari antaman päätöksen, jonka mukaan PNP-puolueen jäseniä voidaan kuulustella julkisessa istunnossa, - että kysymykset ja vastaukset ovat rikkovat heidän yksityisyyden suojaansa Jamaikalla ja sen ulkopuolella suoritettavissa kuulusteluissa.
Molemmat asianajajat huomautettava, että Jamaikan lain, sekä keskinäisestä oikeusavusta rikosasioissa annetun lain perusteella aiemmasta tuomiosta valittaneita henkilöitä ei voida pakottaa antamaan todistajanlausuntoja viranomaisille Alankomaissa.

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”750 Miljoonan Dollarin Mies”

Miten sveitsiläinen kulutustarvarajätti käytti peiteyhtiöitä tekemään Angolalaisen kenraalin kolme-neljännesmiljardia dollaria rikkaammaksi.” (= 750 miljoonaa $)

13.2.2014 - In 2010, Trafigura, the world's third-largest private oil and metals trader .... General Dino is no stranger to corruption allegations within and ... (teksti on maksuportin takana, VH)

http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/02/13/the-750-million-dollar-man/

Teksti luettavissa täällä avoimelta sivustolta; htt Press clips and references to Trafigura world-wide, from various sources.

Compiled by La’o Hamutuk from the global media. In reverse chronological order p://www.laohamutuk.org/Agri/EnvLaw/2014/TrafiguraMediaClips.pdf

Revolutionary communist regimes have a strange habit of transforming themselves into corrupt crony capitalist ones and Angola -- with its massive oil reserves and budding crop of billionaires -- has proved no exception.

In 2010, Trafigura, the world’s third-largest private oil and metals trader based in Switzerland, sold an 18.75-percent stake in one of its major energy subsidiaries to a high-ranking and influential Angolan general, Foreign Policy has discovered. The sale, which amounted to $213 million, appears on the 2012 audit of the annual financial statements of a Singapore-registered company, which is wholly owned by Gen. Leopoldino Fragoso do Nascimento. Details of the sale and purchaser are also buried within a prospectus document of the sold company which was uploaded to the Luxembourg Stock Exchange within the last week. “General Dino,” as he’s more commonly called in Angola, purchased the 18.75 percent stake not in any minor bauble, but in a $5 billion multinational oil company called Puma Energy International. By 2011, his shares were diluted to 15 percent; but that’s still quite a hefty prize: his stake in the company is today valued at around $750 million.

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Myrkkyjuttu

The investigation into the dumping of Trafigura's toxic waste in Africa.

Niin sanottu Norusunluurannikon myrkky-case

http://www.frontlineclub.com/reporting-on-corruption-and-organised-crime-from-panama-to-london/

hae. Toxic AND Trafigura

engl. Wikipedia; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_Ivory_Coast_toxic_waste_dump

Deeper here; https://www.amnestyusa.org/sites/default/files/afr310022012eng.pdf

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The Open Society Foundation; edellämainitusta ICTWD—tapauksesta;

In 2012 the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales commented that private prosecutions had increased in the country because of “retrenchment of state activity” wherein the state had not been pursuing claims it might have in wealthier times.8 This was certainly an issue in the Trafigura case, which involved the illegal dumping of toxic waste off the Ivory Coast in 2006, affecting the health of large numbers of the local community. Amnesty International submitted a dossier of evidence to the Environment Agency relating to the alleged involvement of individuals based in the U.K., hoping to spur a public prosecution. The Environment Agency conceded that the allegations constituted a serious offense but stated that it lacked the resources, capacity, and expertise to investigate such a large and powerful company as Trafigura.

A civil suit brought on behalf of 31,000 victims eventually led to a settlement in 2009.

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/legal-remedies-4-edmonds-jugnarain-20160504_0.pdf

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UK law firm faces payout over missing Trafigura compensation

Öljy-yhtiö (Trafogura] sopi vuonna 2009 maksavansa noin £ 30 miljoonaa ($ 42,4 miljoonaa 38 miljoonaa euroa) 30.000:lle lipeän ja petroolijätteiden dumppauksesta/polkumyynnistä kärsimään joutuneelle ihmiselle taloudellisia korvauksia.  Myrkytys onnettomuus tapahtui Abidjanissa vuonna 2006. -  Mutta 6.000:lle luvattu kärsimyskorvaus yhteissummaltaan 6 miljoonaa puntaa oli jätetty maksamatta.

June 16, 2016  https://phys.org/news/2016-06-uk-law-firm-payout-trafigura.html

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2016-06-uk-law-firm-payout-trafigura.html#jCp 

Thousands of people due payouts over the dumping of toxic waste by oil-trading group Trafigura in Ivory Coast won their English High Court claim against their lawyers on Thursday, having never received their money.

High Court judge Andrew Smith on Thursday ruled that London-based legal firm Leigh Day, who represented the claimants, had been negligent in using an Ivorian bank account to park the lump sum, leaving it open to embezzlement.

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Trafigura was corruptly awarded the US$ 500 miljons oil tender’

(Daily Nation 06/13/13)

Sambia on kallein polttoaine koko alueella koska hintaa nostaa korruptio.  Öljytuotteiden hinta ei vastaa maailmanmarkkinahinnoissa tapahtuvia mutuoksia, koska paikalliset hinnat on lukittu ylihinnoiteltuihin lähtöhintoihin. Öljymarkkinoinnin asiantuntijat ovat kertoneet Daily Nation –lehdelle, että Sambian hallituksen ei olisi pitänyt maksaa US $ 500 miljoonaa  ostamistaan 216.920.000 litrasta bensiiniä ja 21. 3 miljoonasta litrasta dieseliä Trafigura –konsernille, koska on olemassa muita edullisempia ja kilpailukykyisempiä lähteistä, joista kaikki  halvempia polttoaineita käyttävät naapurimaat tuotteensa ostavat.
Mutta mikä vielä pahempaa, jopa K9.91 litrassa Bensiini hinta on edelleen alle Trafigura hinta K11 litrassa! Tämä tarkoittaa käytännössä sitä, että vaikka poistaminen "tuen” (lue: Korruption], hintataso ylittää muut, ja osoittaa että hallitus yhä  antaa ylimääräistä ostohintaetua Trafiguralle.

Lue lisää:

http://en.africatime.com/zambie/articles/trafigura-was-corruptly-awarded-us500m-oil-tender

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“Swiss open criminal investigation into former Trafigura executive”

Business Law and order

Nov 20, 2016 -

Sveitsin oikeuskanslerin virasto/Oikeusministeriö on käynnistänyt rikosoikeudenkäynnin Geneve-lähtöisen kulutustuote-yhtiö Trafiguran entistä johtoporrasta vastaan. 

Tapaus on tiettävästi liittyy lahjontaan Brasilian valtion ylläpitämissä öljy-yhtiö Petrobras´in toiminnassa.

The Office of the Attorney General of Switzerland has opened criminal proceedings against a former senior executive at the Geneva-based commodity trader Trafigura. The case is reportedly linked to corruption involving the Brazilian state-run oil company Petrobras.

http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/petrobas-scandal_swiss-open-criminal-investigation-into-trafigura-executive/42607330

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mmatigari on Twitter: "How Trafigura is connected to the corruption at ...

Zuva/Zimbabwe Petroleum, Mugabe etc.; Twiitti 18.9.2016: https://twitter.com/matigary/status/777511215023132672

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Market News | keskiviikko 26.10.2016;

Trafigura executive arrested at Brazil airport in graft probe –sources

Trafigura –yhtiön johtaja pidätettiin Brasilian lentokentällä lahjustutkimus –asiassa

SAO PAULO 26 lokakuu 2016;  

Lontoossa toimiva hollantilaisen kauppayhtiö Trafigura Beheer BV:n johtahaa pidätettiin lentoasemalla Brasiliassa osana korruption tutkimuksia, jotka liittyävt valtion öljy-yhtiö Petroleo Brasileiro SA:han, kertoi kaksi asiasta tietävää lähdettä keskiviikkona.
Eräslähteistä, joka pyysi ettei sen nimeä julkaista asian arkaluontoisuuden vuoksi, kertoi että toimitusjohtaja/Executive Mariano Marcondes Ferraz on liitetty vuonna 2014 julki tulleeseen Petrobras-yhtiön johtajaa koskevaan lahjontatapaukseen.
Trafigura edustajat ja Petrobrasin pitkäikäisen tapauksen syytettä ajava liittovaltion tuomari eivät vastaanneet asiaa koskeneisiin kommenttipyyntöihimme.
Vuonna 2013, Trafigura ja Abu Dhabin valtionsijoitusrahasto voittivat Brasilian rautamalmin kuljetussatamavaltuudet, jota aiemmin hallinnoi syrjätyetty pohatta Eike Batista, väitetysti $ 996 miljoonan lunnailla. (Raportointi Guillermo Parra-Bernal; muokkaus Ana Mano)

http://www.reuters.com/article/trafigura-beheer-brazil-idUSL1N1CW29N

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China police freeze two Trafigura bank accounts over alleged fraud

“Kiinan poliisi jäädytti kaksi Trafiguran pankkitiliä väitettyjen petosten vuoksi”

By Chen Aizhu | BEIJING, 4.3. 2016/Reuters:

Kiinan poliisi on jäädyttänyt kahden pankin tilit, joita hallitsee Transfigura, joka on yksi maailman kolmesta suurimmasta yksityisestän öljy- ja metallikauppiaasta sen  jälkeen, kun viranomaiset olivat ryhtyneet tutkimaan väitettyä $ 32 miljoonaa dollarin bensiinikauppaa koskevaa petosta, kerrotaan kolmesta eri lähteestä.
Poliisi on pidättänyt Peking-pohjaisen Trafigura yhtiön työntekijä Tian Mengin elokuussa pohjoisessa sijaitsevassa Cangzhoun kaupungissa ja voi pitää hänet tutkintavankeudessa enintään seitsemän kuukautta ilman syytteen nostamista.

Rikostutkinta aloitettiin sen jälkeen kun yksityinen kiinalainen kauppaliike Qingdao United Energy (QUE) kertoi poliisille, että yhtiö oli menettänyt 32 miljoonaan dollaria kun myyjä, Zhang Wei, järjesti kaupan rahoituksen käyttämällä QUE-yhtiön remburssia ilman sen suostumusta kuittaamaan Zhangin henkilökohtaiset menetykset Trafiguran kanssa tekemissään liiketoimissa, lähteet kertovat.

Reutersin ei onnistunut tavoittamaan Tiania tai Zhangia kommenttia varten.

According to two sources with direct knowledge of the matter and another who had been briefed by police, the police last month froze one account at Industrial and Commercial Bank of China and another at Bank of China, both held in Shanghai by Trafigura Private Limited, a Singapore unit.

http://www.reuters.com/article/trafigura-china-probe-idUSL4N0W12X020150304

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Inside Trafigura: Accusations, sour deals and friends in high places

David Leigh - Wednesday 16 September 2009 / The Guardian:

“Trafiguran sisäpiiri: Syytöksiä, happamia diilejä ja ystäviä korkeille paikoille”

Behind Trafigura is a little-known but wealthy group of London oil traders, who have high-level connections in the Conservative party. The firm's profits have ballooned over 16 years; it made $440m (now about £267m) last year on a $70bn turnover, as the world's third-biggest private oil and metals trader, outstripped only by Vitol and Glencore.

The Conservative leader in the Lords, Lord Strathclyde, is on Trafigura's payroll as a director of its hedge fund, Galena Asset Management, which is based at the firm's Marble Arch office, in Portman House, Oxford Street, London.

When Trafigura faced the toxic waste controversy, Strathclyde assisted by recommending the former minister and fellow peer, Peter Fraser QC, to the embattled traders. Fraser says he is being paid to produce an independent report on the dumping affair. But he has agreed not to publish any conclusions in the near future.

Saddam Hussein's Iraq was under international sanctions in 2001 when Trafigura was involved in the smuggling out of the country of 500,000 barrels of oil, according to the UN Volcker report. Allegedly, a UN inspector was bribed by Iraq to turn a blind eye.

The company's Swiss arm, Trafigura AG, later pleaded guilty in the US to making false claims about the oil, sold on to US refineries. The company forfeited $20m. Trafigura still insists it handled the deal via third parties in good faith, but US authorities said: "Today's plea agreement reflects the severity of their crime."

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/16/inside-trafigura-pollution-conservatives

Pakotteita ja kauppatapaa koskevia rikoksia

”Saddam Husseinin Irak oli kansainvälisten pakotteiden alaisuudessa vuonna 2001, kun Trafigura oli salakuljetusta pois maasta 500000 tynnyriä öljyä, YK: n Volckeri-raportin mukaan. Väitetään, että YK: n tarkastaja oli lahjottu Irakissa ”katsomaan toisaalle”.
Yhtiön sveitsiläinen tytäryhtiö, Trafigura AG, myönsi myöhemmin syyllisyytensä Yhdysvalloissa sen esitettyä vääriä väitteitä öljystä, jota se oli myynyt USA:n jalostamoille. Yhtiö menetti 20 miljoonaa dollaria. Trafigura vaatii yhä sen, että sen todettaisiin toimineen kolmansien tahojen kanssa bona fide, hyvässä yskossa, mutta Yhdysvaltain viranomaiset sanoivat: "Today's plea agreement reflects the severity of their crime."

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Abka Fitz-Henley, 7.6.2016 Evening News;

“Kiivasta sananvaihtoa Trafiguran korruptio kuulemisessa”

Supreme Court Judge, Lennox Campbell, and the attorney for Opposition Leader and PNP President Portia Simpson Miller, KD Knight, clashed several times today in the multi-million dollar Trafigura corruption hearing.

It was legal combat between two giants.

A Supreme Court Justice, Lennox Campbell, refusing to yield an inch of his authority to the much feared Queen’s Counsel, KD Knight.

Simpson Miller who made her first appearance in the Court today in relation to the Trafigura case had a wry grin as her Attorney KD Knight and Justice Campbell clashed.

There were tense moments as Mr. Knight interrupted the representative of the DPP’s office who’d begun outlining the purpose of today’s proceedings.

The veteran Queen’s Counsel brought Justice Campbell’s attention to a Court of Appeal order that postponed the proceedings in the Supreme Court.

Mr. Knight demanded that Simpson Miller, Pickersgill, Paulwell and Campbell be allowed to leave the Court.

http://nationwideradiojm.com/heated-exchanges-at-trafigura-corruption-hearing/

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The Trafigura Case

 

5.8.2015;

Tapauksen tausta: In the Probo Koala incident, more recently also known as the Trafigura case, toxic and dangerous waste products belonging to Trafigura –one of the world’s leading oil trading companies– were shipped from Amsterdam to Abidjan (Ivory Coast), where in August 2006 they were improperly disposed of at several sites around the city without any further treatment. A causal link between the exposure to the extremely toxic products dumped and the loss of human life in several cases and health injury in tens of thousands of cases seems obvious, but has never been established by a court. - Trafigura is a private company incorporated under the law of the Netherlands in 1993, which according to its corporate web page ‘is the world’s third largest independent oil trader and the second largest independent trader in the non-ferrous concentrates market’. Based in Amsterdam, Trafigura Beheer BV is the mother company of a holding constituted by several subsidiaries operating across the globe. The media have linked Trafigura to corruption scandals such as the Oil for Food Programme in Iraq, as well as to incidents that have had serious consequences for human health and the environment. The most outstanding one certainly was the so called Probo Koala incident.

Click here for the factsheet (8 pages): FS_045_Trafigura Case

http://www.ejolt.org/2015/08/trafigura-case/

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Malta corruption Raport:

http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/malta

Public Procurement

Julkiset hankinnat
Valtion öljy-yhtiö Enemalta on ollut korruptiotutkimusten kohteena aina vuodesta 2013 lähtien, jolloin kävi ilmi, että useille yhtiön hankintakomitean jäsenille oli maksettu lahjuksia vastineeksi öljy sopimuksista. Tutkimus osoitti, että säännöllinen summa USD 300.000 talletettiin komitean jäsenten Frank Sammut pankkitilille Sveitsissä ja tallettajana oli hollantilainen Trafigura. Trafigura oli myynyt öljy polttoainetta Enemalta (Matla Tänään, tammikuu 2013). Rikosvyyhteä koskevat tutkimukset ovat edelleen käynnissä, mutta tähän mennessä Ray Ferris, entinen Chief Projects Officer Enemalta on vapautettu tuomioistuimissa kaikista korruption maksuun liittyvistä syytteistä

(Times of Malta, May 2015). 

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Prepa Hearings: Utility Contracted Firms Convicted of Corruption

By Caribbean Business on March 3, 2016 SAN JUAN – The Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (Prepa) contracted companies that had been disqualified from doing business with the public utility because they had engaged in corruption, current and former officials said in their testimonies Wednesday before the Special Senate Committee investigating irregularities in the corporation’s fuel purchases.

“Obviously, the authority contracted companies that were found guilty of corruption, and that violates Act 458 of 2000,” committee Chairman Aníbal José Torres said. “The authority did not try to obtain information related to those convictions,” he added.

Act 458 states that any government instrumentality, public corporation or municipality cannot award contracts to companies or individuals convicted of acts of corruption. - During the hearing, Prepa’s supply division supervisor, Natalia Martínez Lugo, said that in the process of evaluating the income of a company for the registry of bidders, there is no procedure to investigate the financial condition of the applicant. The firms merely have to sign an affidavit stating they have no convictions to be listed in the registry.

Two firms, Vitol and Trafigura, which had been convicted of corruption, obtained Prepa purchasing orders to deal with an emergency situation at the utility, which has sued Vitol, seeking the return of $3 million after the firm failed to disclose its conviction.

Officials said the public corporation ignored claims that Trafigura was using fuel company Petro West as an intermediary to obtain a contract from the utility.

http://caribbeanbusiness.com/prepa-hearings-utility-contracted-firms-convicted-of-corruption/

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Korruptioraportti:

Alustavat todisteet korruption riskeistä hallituksen öljy- ja kaasukaupoissa

Initial Evidence of Corruption Risks in Government Oil and Gas Sales

June 2016

Trafigura-Do Nascimento joint ventures in Angola Sivut 5-6.

http://www.resourcegovernance.org/sites/default/files/documents/nrgi_trading-corruption-risk.pdf

This example from Angola also shows how governments sometimes allocate

trading business opportunities to companies with politically exposed participants,

and how those entities then partner with international companies. Starting in 2009,

the Angolan NOC Sonangol tapped the Swiss trading giant Trafigura to run two

large fuel supply deals. The first was an oil-for-refined products swap arrangement

under which Trafigura imported millions of tons of fuel annually. Under the second,

the government hired Trafigura to market billions of dollars in gasoline and other

products in Angola. Through networks of shell companies, the Bahamian entity

Cochan Ltd. held large stakes in the two Trafigura affiliates that contracted with

Sonangol for the deals. Cochan’s sole shareholder was a powerful senior aide to the

Angolan president.

This is a good example of a case where, at a minimum, the perception of corruption

has arisen which may pose reputational risks to the companies involved. Both

deals started while the senior official was in office. It was journalists, rather than

the government or any private party, who first named the senior aide as Cochan’s

beneficial owner. One journalist filed a complaint about the matter with the

Angolan attorney general, but no law enforcement action followed. Together, the

two deals gave Trafigura and Cochan monopolistic control over the Angolan fuel

market with unclear costs to the state—terms and payments of the deals were not

disclosed. Over time, Trafigura and Cochan have expanded their joint interests

into Angola’s ports, mines, roads and rail lines, and are collaborating in neighboring

countries. Sonangol itself bought into one of the Trafigura affiliates in 2011,

further blurring the lines between state and private business.

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TRAFIGURA EXECUTIVE ARRESTED AT SÃO PAULO AIRPORT

Mariano Marcondes Ferraz is suspected of having participated in Petrobras corruption schemes

By plus55 on Oct 27, 2016

Mariano Marcondes Ferraz, an executive for the Dutch trading company Trafigura Beheer BV, was arrested on Wednesday while trying to leave the country. According to Reuters, Ferraz is suspected of having paid over $800,000 in bribes to Petrobras executives in exchange for hefty deals with the state-run company.

Ferraz was flown to Curitiba, the Southern city that serves as the base of Operation Car Wash – the largest anti-corruption probe in Brazilian history. He was detained at São Paulo’s International Airport at Guarulhos as he was headed to London. Ferraz holds both a Brazilian and an Italian passport, and is married to the Brazilian TV celebrity Luiza Valdetaro.

Federal Judge Sérgio Moro, who coordinated the operation, will decide on November 3 whether or not the executive should remain behind bars. In addition to the corruption allegations, Ferraz will also respond to charges of money laundering. His arrest came after allegations made by former Petrobras executive Paulo Roberto Costa, who signed a plea bargain in 2014 and is currently collaborating with the investigation.

Costa told prosecutors that Ferraz, the executive arrested on Wednesday, personally paid him the kickbacks. According to the federal prosecutors involved in the case, this scheme lasted for several years, until 2014.

Trafigura declined to comment on the case, and Ferraz’s defense team has said that no statement will be made until they are fully aware of the charges against the executive.

http://plus55.com/brazil-business/news/2016/10/executive-arrested-sao-paulo-trafigura

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Trafigura paljastaa maksaneensa 4,3 miljardia dollaria ölyrahaa hallituksille

Before it’s here, it’s on the Bloomberg Terminal

Trafigura Reveals $4.3 Billion in Oil Payments to Governments

by  Andy Hoffman @iamandyhoffmanMore stories by Andy Hoffman

16‎. ‎marraskuu‎ta ‎2015;

Trafigura Pte Ltd. disclosed $4.3 billion in oil-related payments to state entities in 2013 as part of a push toward more transparency by the third-largest independent oil trader.

The firm said the funds were used to purchase crude oil, refined petroleum products and gas from national oil companies in countries that have signed up to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, or candidate countries. It revealed payments made in Colombia, Ghana, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago in its inaugural responsibility report.

The commodity trading industry, much of it centered in Switzerland where traders aren’t directly regulated, has long been noted for its opacity and lack of disclosure. While Trafigura is based in Singapore it has major operations in Geneva, as do closely held competitors Vitol Group -- the largest independent oil trader -- and Gunvor Group Ltd. In the past, the traders have cited competitive reasons for their furtive ways.

Trafigura is the first major independent commodity trader to report oil-related payments to member-states of the EITI, a voluntary disclosure program for oil and mining companies aimed at rooting out and preventing corruption. The report “sets out an ambition to become acknowledged leaders in our sector in the way we manage corporate responsibility,” Chief Executive Officer Jeremy Weir said in a statement. “It also expresses our awareness that we have more work to do.”

Trafigura’s decision to report payments comes amid a schism among members of Switzerland’s tight-knit commodity-trading industry, which accounts for about 4 percent of the nation’s gross domestic product.

The country that’s home to more than 500 commodity-trading companies has decided not to impose mandatory regulations on the sector despite calls to do so by non-governmental organizations. Government officials have encouraged other trading houses to join Trafigura in disclosing payments under the EITI framework to improve transparency.

Disappointing Data

“While the number of countries covered and the level of granularity of the
data are still rather disappointing, we welcome this transparency effort as a
first step in the right direction,” said Oliver Classen of the Berne Declaration, a Swiss NGO that has led calls for more regulation.

Classen said the report “proves how easily and swiftly” a disclosure of payments could be done by Trafigura’s competitors. The Swiss government should include commodity trading in a pending transparency law, he said.

Trafigura’s disclosure included $2.5 billion of payments to Nigerian National Petroleum Corp. Those payments were an “aggregate swap of crude oil and corresponding delivery of refined products from and to national oil companies in EITI countries,” Trafigura said.

The company said it would continue to review its policy on payments to governments and disclosure under the EITI. Currently, it’s only disclosing payments to EITI member or candidate countries and only oil-related payments, not for metals, coal or other commodities the firm handles. Trafigura is the world’s second-largest metals trader.

At the EITI’s October board meeting a working group was established for oil traders and producers with trading divisions.

Trafigura handles about 3 million barrels of oil equivalent a day. It reported record first-half profit this year of $654 million as it gained from oil-price volatility and storing crude for future delivery.

Swiss commodity traders bought about $55 billion of crude from African national oil companies from 2011 to 2013, accounting for about a quarter of the volumes sold by governments of the 10-largest oil-producing countries on the continent, according to a report published last year by a group of NGOs that included the Berne Declaration.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-11-16/trafigura-reveals-4-3-billion-in-oil-payments-to-governments

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Zambian minister under investigation over Trafigura contract

Zambian justice minister denies allegations multinational commodities trader paid his firm to secure $500miljon fuel contract.  - The Guardian fought a legal battle in 2009 to reveal how Trafigura was linked to the dumping of tonnes of toxic waste in the Ivory Coast. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Simon Goodley and Mark Hollingsworth, Monday 3 December 2012

Trafigura, the multinational commodities trading company, is embroiled in an investigation into a Zambian government minister who is accused of taking bribes over a $500m fuel contract.

Zambia's justice minister, Wynter Kabimba, was on Monday called in front of the country's Anti-Corruption Commission to respond to allegations that Trafigura paid his company, Midland Energy Zambia, to secure a petrol and diesel supply deal.

The hearing was suspended amid chaotic scenes and protests from the minister's supporters. A spokesman for the ACC said: "[Kabimba] came with sympathisers. The atmosphere was not conducive. We will need to reschedule."

Kabimba, who is also secretary-general of the ruling PF party, has consistently denied the allegations and says he will resign as minister if the ACC finds evidence proving he influenced the deal or received any kickbacks from Trafigura.

He has urged the ACC to pursue its investigations vigorously and tell Zambians the truth about "any wrongdoing". He did not respond to efforts by the Guardian to contact him.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/dec/03/trafigura-zambia-bribery-allegations

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Portia, former ministers for court tomorrow in ongoing Trafigura corruption case

http://jamaica-gleaner.com/article/news/20160605/portia-former-ministers-court-tomorrow-ongoing-trafigura-corruption-case

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http://www.facing-finance.org/en/database/cases/trafigura-corruption-in-zambia/

Trafigura: Corruption in Zambia

Trafigura´s business in Zambia has attracted additional corruption allegations. In August 2012, Trafigura allegedly bribed Wynter Kabimba, director of Midland Energy Zambia and the country´s justice minister, to secure a $500 million fuel contract. In December 2012, Zambia´s Anti-Corruption Commission asked Kabimba to respond to allegations that he collected the bribe money in Lebanon on behalf of Midland Energy Zambia. The hearing was suspended due to protests by Kabimba supporters. Zambia´s president, Michael Sata, ultimately ordered the Anti-Corruption Commission to halt their investigation.

Simon Goodley and Mark Hollingsworth (2012): “Zambian minister under investigation over Trafigura contract”, The Guardian, 3 December.

Peter Adamu (2013): “Zambia. Kabimba`s Fingers in Oil Scandal Evident”, Zambia Reports.

Lusaka Times (2013): “Government backs its Trafigura Oil deal”.

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Trafigura Beheer B.V.

Trafigura Beheer B.V. is a privately owned Dutch multinational commodity trading and logistics company that was founded in 1993. The company trades in energy – including oil and coal – raw materials, and metals. Trafigura operates in 56 countries on six different continents. [1]

The below investor information relates to loans given to Trafigura by the selected financial institutions, there are no share and bondholdings, due to it being a private company.

[1] Trafigura (2013): The Group: www.trafigura.com/about-us/the-group/; accessed 10.10.2013

http://www.facing-finance.org/en/database/companies/trafigura-beheer-b-v/

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Trafigura corruption exposed

Posted on 11 June 2013.

Trafigura, the Dutch oil company that the Government of Zambia says is” reputable and credible” is neither.

In Malta the company has been banned from tendering for oil supply contracts because of corruption and it is in court.

According to court evidence, Trafigura was awarded its first procurement tender in 2004 even though it was not among the 16 bidders.  It managed to get the award by bribing officials.

The money from the commissions from Trafigura should be channeled to a Swiss bank account.

Mr. Sammut’s task was to secretly inform Trafigura of what Enemalta wanted. This ensured that Trafigura was the favoured supplier.

Sammut would then ensure that the Oil Procurement Committee accepted the Trafigura tender offers, even if the product did not fully match specifications.

For his services Mr Sammut received as much as 70c per tonne of oil sold to Enemalta.

Most of the information given to the police was by George Farrugia, the local agent of Trafigura who was granted a presidential pardon for information.

Along with the original allegations of kick backs on oil tenders to the oil giant Trafigura, the Police also investigated the role played by Island Bunker Oils, and several subsidiary companies which handled the lions share of the bunkering business previously belonging to the state owned Mediterranean offshore Bunkering Company (MOBC).

The police have now asked the magistrate presiding over the case for permission to seek information from the authorities in Gilbraltar and Switzerland on the oil procurement scandal.

Police Assistant Commissioner Michael Cassar told a court how Tim Waters, an official from Trafigura who was in charge of supplies to Malta, had a meeting in London with Frank Sammut during an international fair, and an agreement was reached for him to help Trafigura to submit the best offers to Enemalta.

Mr Cassar said a Swiss bank account was specifically opened for $80,000 in commissions received in eight payments. The funds were divided between Mr Sammut and Mr Tabone.

In a subsequent police statement, Mr Sammut said he also received a further €159,000 in an account in the Royal Bank of Scotland, which he also split with Mr Tabone.

Mr Cassar said that Francis Portelli of Virtu’ Group told the police how Mr Tabone and Mr Sammut were partners in IBOL along with him and Tony Cassar, but their role was kept hidden because of their posts in Enemalta.

In his statement to the police, Mr Sammut said that at MOBC he also received commissions from another company, Totsa, a subsidiary of oil giant TOTAL, which he split with Mr Tabone.

He told the police that for fuel consignments he was paid a commission of $1 per metric tonne, which was given to him by George Farrugia, a State witness who was given a presidential pardon to reveal more information about the scandal.

Mr Sammut said in his statement that the first payment he had received was in the form of a car worth €28,000, a Korando Ssang-Yong, which he gave to his son, Mr Cassar testified.

Minister of Energy Dr. Austin Gatt has also been drawn into the scandal defending the appointment of Mr Tabone by saying that although it was debatable whether a minister should resign over a political appointee who breaches public trust at a time of the appointment Mr Tabone was an upstanding business leader with good credentials.The Minister also ended up in the eye of the storm after it transpired that he had a Swiss bank account which he failed to highlight in the annual declaration of assets ministers are obliged to make.Dr Gatt admitted this was an oversight and said he had inherited the account from his parents. He insisted the account was not active and passed on details of the account to the Police Commissioner.Former Enemalta chairman Tancred Tabone received some $20,000 in cash commissions from rogue oil trader.Money was also exchanged between the two men over lunch meetings but, in a couple of instances, Mr Farrugia paid Mr Tabone with cheques, Assistant Police Commissioner Michael Cassar testified.In police statements, Mr Farrugia said that when Mr Tabone was chairman of Enemalta he would invite him to lunch meetings where the money was exchanged.

https://zambiadailynation.com/2013/06/11/trafigura-corruption-exposed/

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Toxic Trafigura!

New corruption charges bring renewed hope for justice

Feature story - February 2, 2011

Trafigura, the Dutch-headed multinational responsible for dumping toxic waste in the Côte d’Ivoire in 2006, is under investigation by the Dutch Public Prosecutor -- good news in our campaign to bring justice to the people of Côte d’Ivoire.

Doumbia Siaka, Amado Bakayoko, and Greenpeace campaigner Marietta Harjono, outside the headquarters of Trafigura head office in Amsterdam. Siaka and Bakayoko were hired as drivers in 2006 by Trafigura to dispose of toxic waste from the ship Probo Koala in the Ivorian capital of Abidjan. They were two of the nine truck drivers who dumped the waste in many different sites in and around the city. Doumbia and Amado went twice to the Amsterdam headquarters of Trafigura to demand apologies from the company for not disclosing the toxic nature of the waste that they were asked to dispose of. Both times they were told that the management of Trafigura could and would not hear their story.

Trafigura is suspected of paying bribes to a leading Jamaican politician in 2006. The Public Prosecutor has said that a thorough investigation is needed. This is good news for our cause: if corruption justifies an investigation, the Public Prosecutor has no choice but to prosecute Trafigura for the environmental and human disaster it caused in Côte d’Ivoire.

Article 12

Wednesday, 2 February 2011, is the date of the last hearing in the Court of Appeal in The Hague in the complaint proceedings initiated by Greenpeace against the Public Prosecutor. In 2010, Trafigura Beheer B.V. was convicted for the illegal exports of toxic waste from the port of Amsterdam to Côte d’Ivoire.

Trafigura was not prosecuted for dumping the waste, which the Ivorian authorities claim caused 16 deaths and health problems for many tens of thousands. Greenpeace thought this was unacceptable and initiated "Article 12" proceedings as the final resort in our pursuit of justice. However, the Public Prosecutor continues to maintain that the search for the truth in Côte d’Ivoire is too difficult and that it has no jurisdiction to prosecute Trafigura for a crime in Africa.

We think both these arguments are highly questionable.

Double standards

There is now plenty of evidence pointing to Trafigura's guilt for the waste dumping in Côte d’Ivoire. For example, there are company e-mails showing that the Trafigura management knew how dangerous the waste was but that the company decided to send it to Africa anyway so that it could dump it at a giveaway price.

The Public Prosecutor has also seen shocking witness statements about possible intimidation and bribery of important witnesses: the Ivorian drivers who transported the waste in 2006. The position of the Public Prosecutor remains unchanged: there is no jurisdiction to prosecute a crime in Africa. Even so, prosecution proceedings targeting corruption in Jamaica are apparently no problem. Trafigura is thought to have bribed a Jamaican politician with the apparent aim of extending an oil contract of Nigerian oil.

Bribery or toxic waste disaster

Bribing politicians is of course highly reprehensible and it merits criminal proceedings. However, the possibly deliberate instigation of a toxic waste disaster, with the risk of fatalities and environmental damage, merits the same treatment. Trafigura's behaviour with respect to the dumping of its toxic waste in Africa is so severe that the Public Prosecutor cannot simply drop the case.

Dumping the waste is more than a simple environmental offence. For the people of Abidjan, it is a question of their right to life and a healthy environment. It is expected that the Court of Appeal in The Hague will decide within a few weeks whether prosecution proceedings should be initiated in this case.

Luxury hotel

The toxic waste dump in Côte d’Ivoire is also surrounded by a shadow of corruption. Documents recently obtained by Greenpeace show that the highest boss of the port in Abidjan (general manager) stayed in Paris in a luxury hotel at the expense of Trafigura Beheer BV just a few months before Trafigura’s toxic waste was dumped in the port. The general manager of the port played a very shady role in relation to the waste dump, as appeared later from an Ivorian inquiry.

Just before the dump the permit of the shady company Compagnie Tommy was expanded in a crucial way. This was the company that dumped the waste from the Probo Koala in various places in and around Abidjan. Moreover, shortly after the waste dump the port authorities stopped the inspection and the arrest of the Probo Koala in Côte d’Ivoire.

All these facts led the National Inquiry Committee to conclude in November 2006 that the port authorities were accessories to both the waste dump and the departure of the Probo Koala from Abidjan. Nevertheless, the general manager was reinstated in his position of general manager of the port by the Ivorian president several days after the critical report had come out. Greenpeace has asked Trafigura to comment on this issue. The company has decided not to respond to the information presented.

http://www.greenpeace.org/africa/en/News/news/Trafigura-new-corruption-charges/

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Corruption Currents: Trafigura Signs Up for Transparency Drive

By

Samuel Rubenfeld ; Nov 18, 2014 5:26 pm ET /Reuters

Trafigura is signing up to a global transparency drive that will disclose payments made by companies to oil-rich governments.

http://blogs.wsj.com/riskandcompliance/2014/11/18/corruption-currents-trafigura-signs-up-for-transparency-drive/

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Supporting democracy, fighting corruption

5.1.2013

Trafigura and the Angolan Presidential Mafia

In two years of operations in Angola, Pumangol has become a leading player in the marketing of Angolan oil, as well as in the distribution of oil products in the country.

This company is a joint venture between multinational Puma Energy, a subsidiary of Swiss based company Trafigura, and its Angolan counterpart Cochan.

In August 2010, President José Eduardo dos Santos authorized a total of five investment contracts worth US$ 931 million, by multinational Puma Energy and its Angolan partner Cochan.

In  a country ranked among the 15 worst in the world to do business, the rapid success of Trafigura and its subsidiary Pumangol  is, by its own right, a case study and one for an in-depth investigation into its dealings with the presidential inner circle.

The Geneva-based company benefits of a swap contract with Sonangol. Trafigura receives Angolan crude oil (in unknown quantities) in exchange for delivering all petroleum products for domestic consumption in Angola. Trafigura apparently sells most of its crude to the Chinese oil parastatal Sinopec.

An investigation by the international magazine Energy Compass, last September indicated that the contract between Trafigura and Sonangol started in 2009. In 2011, it was worth US $3.3 billion for 3.25 million metric tons of imported oil derivatives, according to the magazine. The contract is handled by DTS Refining, a subsidiary of DTS Holdings, also called DT Group. The group, founded in 2008, is based Singapore.

General Leopoldino Fragoso do Nascimento, a top adviser to the minister of State and Chief of Intelligence at the Presidency, general Manuel Hélder Vieira Dias “Kopelipa,“ is one of the directors of DT Group, according to the most recent official records in Singapore, examined by Maka Angola.

Among DTS’s directors are also Claude Dauphin, one of the founders of Trafigura, and the Brazilian national Mariano Marcondes Ferraz, the Trafigura pivot in Angola. The latter signed the nearly one billion dollars investment deals with the Angolan authorities. The company has two more board directors, namely Patrick Waters, a British citizen currently living in Singapore, and Juliana Loh Joo Hui, from Singapore.

DTS Holdings is a joint-venture between Trafigura PTE (Singapore) and Cochan Limited (Singapore). General Leopoldino Fragoso do Nascimento is also director of Cochan Limited, sharing the board with the same Juliana Loh Joo Hui and Johan David Berman, also from Singapore. The only shareholder of Cochan (Singapore) is Cochan Ltd (Bahamas).

A third Cochan company, Cochan S.A., was established in Angola on April 6, 2009. In the billion dollar contracts signed by President Dos Santos, Cochan S.A. owns 51 percent of Pumangol’s shares, while the foreign investor, DT Holdings, holds 49 percent. Nonetheless, the DT Holdings is not so foreign, as its director is the presidential adviser General Leopoldino Fragoso do Nascimento.

But to understand this web of interests, it is imperative first to disclose the nominal owners of Cochan S.A. They are Zandre Eudénio de Campos Finda, Augusto Mondlane de Campos Finda, António Carlos de Oliveira, Telma Marina Alves Pedro Gomes e Eden Zerá de Carvalho Albuquerque.

https://www.makaangola.org/2013/01/trafigura-and-the-angolan-presidential-mafia/

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https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/nov/04/trafigura-ivory-coast-payout

Corruption fears over Ivory Coast toxic waste victims' £30m Trafigura payout

• Compensation cash for 30,000 people is frozen
• Lawyers say that money may 'simply disappear'

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https://books.google.fi/books?id=XJkpCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=trafigura+corruption&source=bl&ots=bjUimsAbtv&sig=Zjd95Sx7li0xKAt1EiDLKWZBPB4&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjU8brospTSAhWoJ5oKHfECBOU4ChDoAQgmMAI#v=onepage&q=trafigura%20corruption&f=false -  sivu 106.

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Piditkö tästä kirjoituksesta? Näytä se!

1Suosittele

Yksi käyttäjä suosittelee tätä kirjoitusta. - Näytä suosittelija

NäytäPiilota kommentit (10 kommenttia)

Käyttäjän veikkohuuska kuva
Veikko Huuska

Kiinnostuneille lisää luettavaa:

Clintonin 20.2.2001 yllättäen ja kiistanalaisesti armahtama Marc Rich, 1934-2013, omasi elämänsä aikana viiden maan kansalaisuuden:
Belgium, Bolivia, United States, Israel, Spain.

Wikipedia kertoo Marc Richin elämäntarinan; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Rich

Wiki toteaa armahduksesta mm.:

Clinton's critics alleged that Rich's pardon had been bought, as Denise Rich had given more than $1 million[25] to Clinton's political party (the Democratic Party), including more than $100,000 to the Senate campaign of the president's wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, and $450,000 to the Clinton Library foundation during Clinton's time in office.

Clintonin armahtamia listataan täällä:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Clinton_pardon_...

Marc Rich, a fugitive who had fled the U.S. during his prosecution, was residing in Switzerland. Rich owed $48 million in taxes and was charged with 51 counts of tax fraud, was pardoned of tax evasion. He was required to pay a $1 million fine and waive any use of the pardon as a defense against any future civil charges that were filed against him in the same case. Critics complained that Denise Eisenberg Rich, his former wife, had made substantial donations to both the Clinton library and to Mrs. Clinton's senate campaign. According to Paul Volcker's independent investigation of Iraqi Oil-for-Food kickback schemes, Marc Rich was a middleman for several suspect Iraqi oil deals involving over 4 million barrels (640,000 m3) of oil.[24] Longtime Clinton supporters and Democratic leaders such as former President Jimmy Carter, James Carville and Terry McAuliffe, were all critical of the Clinton pardon. Carter said the pardons were "disgraceful."

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Tämä on muuten mielenkiintoista:

Suomi mainittu:

Learning of the plans for the indictment, Rich fled[9] to Switzerland and, always insisting that he was not guilty, never returned to the U.S. to answer the charges.[Notes 1] Rich's companies eventually pleaded guilty to 35 counts of tax evasion and paid $90 million in fines,[7] although Rich himself remained on the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Ten Most-Wanted Fugitives List for many years,[20] narrowly evading capture in Britain, Germany, FINLAND, and Jamaica.[21] Fearing arrest, he did not even return to the United States to attend his daughter's funeral in 1996

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CIA tunnetulla tavalla vapautti takavuosien salaisia filejä marraskuussa 2016:

More Surprises:
FBI Releases Files On Bill Clinton's Pardon Of Marc Rich

http://www.npr.org/2016/11/01/500297580/more-surpr...

Just one week from Election Day, the FBI has made a somewhat puzzling release of information related to a controversial pardon Bill Clinton made on his last day in office almost 16 years ago.
On Tuesday, the law enforcement agency released documents related to the former president's pardon of Marc Rich, a former hedge-fund manager who had been indicted on multiple counts of tax evasion, wire fraud and racketeering.

Hillary Clinton's campaign immediately questioned the release, which came from an FBI Twitter account that had been dormant for more than a year up until this past Sunday. The new documents come just days after FBI Director James Comey announced that the agency was reviewing new emails possibly related to the former secretary of state's private server. Clinton spokesman Brian Fallon called it an "odd" decision.

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Käyttäjän MauriLindgren kuva
Mauri Lindgren

Clinton ei ollut virassa 20.2.2001 ja pardon ei ole armahdus.

Käyttäjän veikkohuuska kuva
Veikko Huuska

Sori, lyöntivirhe: Clintonin viimeisenä presidentin virassaolopäivänä eli siis 20.1.2001.

Pardon?
Oletko hyvä ja kerrot mitä tarkoitat? Mistä muusta on kyse kuin "normimenettelystä", jossa korkean viran jättävä tekee viimeisenä päivään "kaikenlaista". Vertaa suomalaisten ministerien ratkaisuja..
Minulla ei ole tässä käsillä laajinta sanakirjaani, mutta muistini ja nettikääntäjä kyllä tarjoaa:

Käännökset tekstille PARDON;
verbi;
armahtaa

pardon;
antaa anteeksi
forgive, pardon, excuse, condone, remit

substantiivi;
anteeksianto

synonyymejä; forgiveness, pardon, remission

Käyttäjän veikkohuuska kuva
Veikko Huuska

Bloomberg kirjoitti Clintonin armahduksesta jo 1.11.2016;
https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-1...
FBI Surprises With Files on Clinton ’01 Pardon of Marc Rich
The FBI unexpectedly released 129 pages of documents related to an investigation closed without charges in 2005 into President Bill Clinton’s pardon of Marc Rich, who had been married to a wealthy Democratic donor.
The file was posted online Monday but received little attention until the FBI noted it in a tweet on Tuesday afternoon. It comes as Director James Comey faces fire from Democrats and even some Republicans for releasing information about his renewed investigation into Hillary Clinton’s use of e-mail.
The unusual timing of the release was the result of a Freedom of Information Act request that had been completed and was posted under standard FBI practice, according to a law enforcement official who asked not to be identified discussing internal matters. But the Clinton campaign immediately questioned it.
“Absent a FOIA litigation deadline, this is odd,” Clinton campaign spokesman Brian Fallon said on Twitter.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation said it automatically posts materials online when documents have been requested three or more times. The bureau receives thousands of information requests annually and processes them on a “first in, first out” basis, according to a statement.
The FBI’s Twitter account for public records announcements, which mentioned the newly posted documents, had been dormant until Oct. 30. A software update restarted the automatic postings to Twitter, according to the official.
The investigation stemmed from one of several pardons Clinton made on the last day of his presidency in 2001, that of financier and international fugitive Marc Rich, whose ex-wife Denise had given to the Democratic National Committee and the entity that would later become the Clinton Foundation.
Comey’s Role
While the files may seem dated, they invoke figures beyond the Clintons who went on to play key roles in official Washington -- including Comey.
He served as prosecutor in charge of a legal case against Rich from 1987 to 1993. As the U.S. attorney in Manhattan in 2002, Comey took over a criminal investigation of Clinton’s pardons. “I was stunned” at the Rich pardon, Comey wrote in a letter to lawmakers in 2008.
Also playing roles were former Attorney General Eric Holder, who was a deputy attorney general advising on pardon requests at the time, and current Securities and Exchange Commission Chairwoman Mary Jo White, who was a U.S. prosecutor.
A congressional investigation later found that Clinton didn’t follow standard protocol but there was no proof of a quid pro quo. Denise Rich invoked her constitutional right against self-incrimination during the investigation. Her ex-husband, Marc, died in 2013.
The FBI notes, which are heavily redacted, suggest protocol wasn’t followed but give little new information into the pardon dispute.
In questioning why the FBI was reviving the Rich pardon now, Fallon, the Clinton spokesman, asked on Twitter: "Will FBI be posting docs on Trump’s housing discrimination in ’70s?”
In fact, on Oct. 7 the FBI posted eight pages of documents relating to Trump’s father, Fred. That file included a March 28, 1966 memo to then-FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover requesting a check be issued to Fred Trump, “whose deposition is being taken March 31 in connection with a tax case.”
https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-1...

Käyttäjän veikkohuuska kuva
Veikko Huuska

Selitys:
Nuo yo. teksit taustoittavat tätä kohtaa blogitekstistä:

The Case of the Oil-Trading Company Trafigura and Relatives’ Perceptions of a ‘Crime of the Powerful’

http://www.britsoccrim.org/volume10/2010_Goode.pdf

"Trafigura is not only extremely powerful and wealthy, it is also very secretive. It is part of what Business Week terms, ‘the ultrasecretive informal network of traders who dominate global independent oil trading’: these traders ‘operate in the world of onetime fugitive billionaire Marc Rich, the most-wanted white-collar criminal in U.S. history until his controversial pardon on President Bill Clinton's last day in office in 2001.’ (Vickers, 2005: online).

Trafigura and other independent oil traders are known for their tactics which have been described as ‘combat trading’ and which can be seen as the psychopathic face of capitalism - getting trading rights from countries in turmoil regardless of human ruin." - Raportin sivu 3 (nr38).

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Käyttäjän MaxStenbck kuva
Max Stenbäck

Lukikohan blogisti itse referoimaansa tekstiä? 213 miljoonalla ostetut osakkeet, joiden arvostus on noin 750 miljoonaa luulisi tarkoittavan komeaa 537 miljoonan arvonnousua. Voidaan aina väitellä siitä onko joku rikastunut noin paljoa, ellei ole myynyt omistustaan (palkkiot ja verot maksettuaan) tuollaisella tuotolla, mutta blogisti kääntää ja referoi surutta vielä komeammen ajatuskukkasen. Kenraali olisi sen mukaan rikastunut tehdyllä kaupalla 750 miljoonaa.

En tiedä nielaisiko blogisti pajunköyden kohteen sotilasarvosta, yhtiötä kohtaan tuntemastaan antipatiasta, vai ymmärtämättömyydestään johtuen. Kunniaa tuon tasoisen lähteen referoiminen ei kuitenkaan julkaisijalleen tee. En epäile hetkeäkään etteikö tuota kauppasummaakin olisi kenraali hankkinut viekkaudella ja vääryydellä. Jokin kunnioitus pitäisi kuitenkin säilyttää lukijan älykkyyttä kohtaan, eikä syöttää ihan mitä tahansa soopaa.

Myönnän avoimesti jättäneeni lukemisen kesken. Huuhaata sisältävää Google-käännöstä ei jaksa millään lukea näin paljon, edes vaikka kaikki muu olisikin asiaa.

Käyttäjän arojouni kuva
Jouni Aro

"Kenraali" Dinon 213 000 miljoonan dollarin alkuperää on kyselty. No hänellä oli äveriäitä kumppaneita, esim. edesmennyt Claude Dauphin. "Os directores dessa companhia são o bilionário francês Claude Dauphin que ajudou a fundar a Trafigura e o General Dino. Uma auditoria da DTS Holding revela que 50% desta companhia pertence ao General Dino."

[A pergunta que todos fazem é: "de onde vieram os 213 milhões de dólares do general?".] http://www.voaportugues.com/a/general-dino-o-homem...

Käyttäjän veikkohuuska kuva
Veikko Huuska

Kiitos, Max, kommentista. 4#

Se oli siis olennaisinta, mitä havainnoit Trafigura -nimisestä yrityskombinaatista?

Käyttäjän lassinpalsta kuva
Lauri Turpeinen

Hyvä kombinaatio, Suomen valtio tuhoaa luontoa surutta ja Trafigura tekee siitä bisnestä, kyllä siitä jotain pölyä haalareihin jää.
Ja onhan siinä niitä veroparatiisejakin missä rahat on paremmassa tallessa kuin Suomessa.

Käyttäjän veikkohuuska kuva
Veikko Huuska

STT/AL & al kertovat;

Vasemmistoliitto tivaa hallitukselta Trafiguran taustoista

Kotimaa 16.2.  09.52 Päivitetty  17.43
STT

"Vasemmistoliiton eduskuntaryhmä on jättänyt hallitukselle kirjallisen kysymyksen kaivosyhtiö Terrafamen uuden osaomistajan Trafiguran taustoista.

Vasemmistoliiton eduskuntaryhmä perustelee kysymystä sillä, että uudesta omistajasta on paljastunut huolestuttavia tietoja. Niiden mukaan Trafigura on aiemmin saanut sakot laittoman myrkkylastin viemisestä Norsunluurannikolle ja lisäksi yhtiön johdolla on runsaasti kytköksiä veroparatiiseihin."
Lähde: http://www.aamulehti.fi/kotimaa/vasemmistoliitto-t...

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Aivan yleisenä seikkana totean itse, että liikesuhteisiin ryhtyvän on hyvä tutkailla tulevan potentiaalisen kumppanin toimintaa ja taustoja, hieman muutenkin kuin vain noiden niin muodikkaiden veroparatiisi-kytkentöjen osalta.

Mutta, sitten on todettava, että reaalitilanteessa, voidaan miettiä onko tämän kummallisempia kumppaneitä Terrafamelle löydettävissäkään, ja koska tähän on päädytty, vastaus lienee negatiivinen?

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